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In June 30, 2008, the population of Kuwait was estimated at 3.328.136 persons according to the Central Statistical office. In this census, the number of Kuwaitis reached 1.038.598, while the rest were non-Kuwaitis and foreigners.

The City of Kuwait and its suburbs contain most of the Kuwaiti population, especially on the shore of the Arabian Gulf. The main source of data for the growth of Kuwait population across the history is from the estimates recorded by travelers who used to pass through the country. In 1957, the first official census carried out. Its results stated that the Kuwaiti population reached 206.473 persons. The number of non-Kuwaitis was 92.851.

In 1961, the Kuwaiti population was estimated at 321.621 persons, comprising 62% males and 37% females. The arrival of large numbers of immigrants at that time resulted in this gender percentage gap. Every five years since 1965, Kuwait has regularly conducted censuses.

In 1985, the population reached 1.697.301 persons, comprised 56% males and 44% females. In 1990, the population reached 2.141.465 persons. The percentage of non-Kuwaitis scored 72%. In same year, the Iraqi aggression against Kuwait occurred. As a result, large number of the non-Kuwaitis emigrated. Hence, major changes in the population structure took place.

In 1995, the Kuwaiti population reached 1.577.598 persons. The percentage of non-Kuwaitis was 58%.
On April 2005, the ninth census was carried out for people, housing and facilities. This census is the first for the State of Kuwait in the Twenty-First Century. The preliminary estimates showed that the Kuwaiti population reached 2.213.403 persons. The number of Kuwaitis was 880.774 and that for non-Kuwaitis was 1.332.629.